Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia - Where History Meets Opportunity

Phone: 902.532.2043

101 Victoria Street

101 Victoria Street, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, B0S 1A0, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1982/01/20

Front Facade, 2017

Side Facade, 2017

Front Elevation

Side Profile

Other Name(s)
101 Victoria Street
White House

Links and Documents

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/04/07

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

101 Victoria Street is a one-and-one-half storey wood frame Neo-classical style home. The building is located near the intersection of Victoria Street and Prince Albert Road in an area of designated heritage properties in Annapolis Royal, NS. Both the house and the property are included in the municipal heritage designation.

Heritage Value

101 Victoria Street, as recognized by its municipal heritage designation, is valued for its contribution to the architectural landscape of the town; its association with historic personalities; and as a good example of the re-use of buildings within the town.

Historic Value:

Located until 1863 on the southwest corner of the intersection of St. George Street and Albert Street, where the brick United Church of Canada stands today, this home dates to pre-1800 and possibly as early as 1750. The site has passed through numerous owners including: Erasmus James Phillips, Thomas Williams, Thomas Ritchie and James W. Johnston. An 1815 deed refers to the building as the "White House;" and it is possible that this is the building that lent its name to the "White House Field" - the land adjacent to Fort Anne reserved by the British government for military use in the mid-eighteenth century. In 1854 the White House Field was subdivided and sold as building lots which fronted the newly created Victoria Street. In light of this subdivision, several buildings were moved to other lots within the town to accommodate the new street.

Local carpenter Lothrop Whitman moved this house to its current location, Lot #18 on Victoria Street. It served briefly as the Methodist manse. From 1870 until 1912 it was the home of Augustus Fullerton, school teacher and customs officer. The family of George Rice, telephone manager, owned the property from 1926 until 1964.

Architectural Value:

101 Victoria Street is an example of the Neo-classical style as interpreted in Annapolis Royal. This is an important building within this community as it is one of the few buildings which may pre-date the Acadian deportation of 1755. Throughout its history, the house has undergone many alterations to ensure its relevant use. For instance, the original gable dormers were changed to a shed dormer in 1929 and an entry porch has been added; however the house has retained its original size, massing and symmetrical front elevation providing tangible evidence of its history. This house is also in keeping with other Neo-classical buildings in this community in the way that it has very little architectural decoration.

Source: Heritage Property Files, Map #110, 101 Victoria Street

Character-defining Elements

Character-defining elements of 101 Victoria Street include:

- original one-and-one-half storey size and massing;
- wood frame construction;
- medium pitched gable roof;
- wood shingle cladding;
- double-hung wooden sash windows;
- symmetrical front elevation (partly hidden by porch) including central door;
- lack of architectural decoration.


Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority
Local Governments (NS)

Recognition Statute
Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type
Municipally Registered Property

Recognition Date

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)
1863/01/01 to 1863/01/01

Theme - Category and Type
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer


Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation
Annapolis Heritage Society, 136 St George Street, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, B0S 1A0

FED/PROV/TERR Identifier