Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia - Where History Meets Opportunity

Phone: 902.532.2043

South Powder Magazine

295 St. George Street, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, B0S 1A0, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1999/07/07

Front Facade, 2017

Interior View, 2017

Side Facade, 2017


Corner View


Other Name(s)
South Powder Magazine
Poudrière sud

Links and Documents

Construction Date(s)
1708/01/01 to 1709/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/05/09

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

As a component of a bastioned fortification, the South Powder magazine is a rectangular, squat, vaulted bomb-proof structure with a gable roof with deep flared eaves. It has massive, slightly battered rubble stone walls that are low on the sides and high in the gable ends with a pattern of openings which includes a single headed door flanked by slotted ventilation openings centered in the south gable end, a window centered in the south gable, a ventilation opening in each side wall and a single slotted ventilation opening in the north gable end. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The South Powder Magazine is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value

The South Powder Magazine is one of the best examples illustrating the English-French rivalry in the struggle for Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries in Acadia. It is also one of the best illustrations of a developing early European colonial community for its role in early European colonization and continuing settlement, used in the protection of Port Royal, the capital of Acadia. The building illustrates the final phase of reinforcement of Port Royal during the French occupation and also illustrates the importance of Fort Anne in bringing tourists to the area throughout the twentieth century.

Architectural Value

The South Powder Magazine is a good example of a military defence structure demonstrating very good function-oriented design and engineering and masonry work in the context of a fortification. Its character resides in the features expressing its status as a specialized military structure designed for the bomb-proof storage and handling of gun powder.

Environmental Value

As an integral component of the defensive work and a conspicuous period masonry structure, the South Powder Magazine has a strong, reinforcing influence on the military character of the Fort. The site nevertheless retains its military character and the South Powder magazine is presented to visitors as a restored powder magazine.

Heritage Research Associates, South Powder magazine, Fort Anne National Histroic Site, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Building Report 97-92
South Powder Magazine, Fort Anne National Historic Site, Annpolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Heritage Character Statement 97-92.

Character-defining Elements

The following character defining elements of the South Powder Magazine should be respected, for example:

Its illustration of the English-French rivalry in the struggle for the Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries in Acadia and its illustration of early European colonization and continuing settlement in Canada, and in the protection of Port Royal, the capital of Acadia.
Its features expressing a good, specialized military structure with very good function-oriented design, engineering and skilled craftsmanship as manifested in;
-Its simple, rectangular, squat massing with a gable roof with deep flared eaves.
-Its massive slightly battered rubble stone walls, low on the sides and high in the
gable ends.
-Its pattern of window and ventilation openings and a single square headed door.
-Its internal specialized plan of two racks, one barrel deep, running the length of
the magazine on either side of a central passage.
-Its ventilation system of openings in the longs walls vented to the exterior by
horizontal shafts diverted at the center by a brick island and its slotted ventilation
openings in the gable ends with brick lined bent air passages.
-Its vaulted bomb-proof construction of the magazine roof, a semi-circular vault
of cut stone voussoirs, a thick layer of rubble stone of gable profile, timber purlins anchored by iron straps on the gable ends and a light timber framed roof.
The manner in which the South Powder Magazine reinforces the military character at Fort Anne National Historic Site.



Recognition Authority
Government of Canada

Recognition Statute
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type
Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

Function - Category and Type

Military Support

Architect / Designer


Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

FED/PROV/TERR Identifier